By Kakali Mukhopadhyay
This booklet studies the present research of pollution and its impression of overall healthiness on assorted source of revenue teams in a single of the constructing nations, India. The examine estimates the commercial emissions of CO2, SO2 and NOX in India in the course of 1983-84 to 1998-99. to guage the overall healthiness affects of the toxins on assorted source of revenue teams the learn additionally incorporates a micro research for a metro urban, Calcutta. The micro research evaluates the level of decay in air caliber, identifies the standards answerable for deterioration, and at last makes an overview of the affects of deteriorated air caliber like results on human healthiness of other source of revenue teams. one of many largest initiatives at this time, the booklet concludes, is to take on the iteration of emission by way of the better source of revenue teams besides the advancements of the healthiness scene of the financial system. It demands right coverage for the mitigation of the pollution iteration from the event of different international locations.
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Extra info for Air Pollution in India and Its Impact on the Health of Different Income Groups
Cities in developing nations are increasing rapidly in size and diversity. Increasing emissions from vehicular traffic, industry, domestic heating (in temperate climates), cooking, and refuse burning all pose potential risks for large air pollution exposures. The rapidity of economic development combined with the lack of adequate emission controls, makes Asia's megacities prone to more serious air pollution problems than similar cities in industrialized nations. Although the current fossil fuel use in developing countries is still half that of developed countries, it is expected to increase by 120% by the year 2010.
In this chapter, the epidemiological studies describing health effects of air pollution in the developing countries are reviewed briefly. This review basically covered the studies that have evaluated health effects in relation to exposure to the critical air pollutants4 like particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide and lead. The review divides the literature on air pollution and health into three major sections. The first section contains the health effects of major air pollutants along with some scattered epidemiological evidences in different countries.
2000). , 1999). Shirazi and Harding (2001) have studied trends in ambient air quality and its possible impact on health in Tehran. (2000) using contingent valuation method. An evidence of respiratory health effects associated with air pollution comes from a survey of some of the major metropolitan areas in South Africa. , 1991). They reported that 29% of children under 5 years have experienced coughing and breathing problems in a two week recall period. 24 Kakali Mukhopadhyay Apart from the outdoor pollution, indoor air pollution is a serious problem in the developing countries.
Air Pollution in India and Its Impact on the Health of Different Income Groups by Kakali Mukhopadhyay