By Hans Ruthenberg
In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for monetary learn) confirmed an "African stories Centre" with the aid of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior examine into the industrial and political difficulties of constructing international locations, with spe cial connection with the African countries. via investigations into thestructure and customers of improvement within the constructing international locations, the stories Centre will goal at contributing in the direction of the production of a real foundation, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's improve ment coverage might be conducted successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and monetary sciences are faced with manifold projects. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will end up positive or even crucial, if incorrect and slim decisions are to be kept away from. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in several branches of study will make attainable a greater und er status of the complicated practical courting which make sure financial occasions and their mutations open air Western commercial society than will be regularly completed through an remoted process. clever total monetary making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an actual wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this element the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his method usually styles of development. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).
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Extra info for Agricultural Development in Tanganyika
1 2 Oxen and plough are being used more and more in the border areas of the north and south. Very occasionally one may find a tractor 1. The planting of cotton takes 1 In 1963 they numbered 200 or more. The spread of the plough is accompanied by an increase in acreage, a deterioration in the quality of cultivation, more erosion and lower yields per acre. The main advantage is that the work is made easier. 24 place in DecemberJJanuary. The harvest is brought in during the dry season, lasting from the beginning of June until October.
Interest is growing in copper spraying and mineral fertilizers. Most of the farmers buy some mulch (steppe-hay) in addition to their cattle manure. Worthy of note, to~, are the beginnings of a rational milk production. The income from coffee has resulted in a greater demand for milk. The price per gallon is 3-4 shs. Some farmers are buying Jersey cows from the estates in order to seIl milk to their neighbours. The annual milk yield per exotic cow lies between 400-600 gallons. Some farmers buy additional bran and pyrethrum cake; they also grow grass for fodder, either in terraces between the coffee or in separate plots.
6 According to ROUNCE & THORNTON the harvesting is done in January/February. In 1963 the harvesting of millet began in mid-April. 29 2nd Year July September/Oetober November/January February MarchjMay June 3rd Year July/September September/Oetober NovemberlJanuary January/February February/April June Crotalaria striata is used as green manure during the dry season, At the beginning of the rainy season the millet which has fallen germinates. A seeond erop of millet beg ins to grow. Bambara nuts or groundnuts are plan ted between the rows of growing millet, Millet is harvested, Growth of the groundnuts, Groundnuts are harvested.
Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg