By Saint Basil of Caesarea
Basil of Caesarea is taken into account one of many architects of the Pro-Nicene Trinitarian doctrine followed on the Council of Constantinople in 381, which japanese and western Christians to at the present time profess as "orthodox." Nowhere is his Trinitarian theology extra basically expressed than in his first significant doctrinal paintings, opposed to Eunomius, entire in 364 or 365 CE. Responding to Eunomius, whose Apology gave renewed impetus to a practice of starkly subordinationist Trinitarian theology that may live to tell the tale for many years, Basil's opposed to Eunomius displays the serious controversy raging at the moment between Christians around the Mediterranean global over who God is. during this treatise, Basil makes an attempt to articulate a theology either one of God's unitary essence and of the special positive aspects that signify the daddy, Son, and Holy Spirit--a contrast that a few hail because the cornerstone of "Cappadocian" theology. In opposed to Eunomius, we see the conflict now not easily of 2 dogmatic positions at the doctrine of the Trinity, yet of 2 essentially adversarial theological tools. Basil's treatise is as a lot approximately how theology needs to be performed and what people can and can't learn about God because it is ready the exposition of Trinitarian doctrine. therefore opposed to Eunomius marks a turning aspect within the Trinitarian debates of the fourth century, for the 1st time addressing the methodological and epistemological changes that gave upward thrust to theological transformations. Amidst the polemical vitriol of opposed to Eunomius is a decision to epistemological humility at the a part of the theologian, a decision to acknowledge the constraints of even the easiest theology. whereas Basil sophisticated his theology throughout the process his occupation, opposed to Eunomius continues to be a testomony to his early theological improvement and a privileged window into the Trinitarian controversies of the mid-fourth century.
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Extra resources for Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church)
If the begetting of the Son is outside of time and space, then the kind of subordination Eunomius argued for cannot stand. 28, in which Christ says, The Father is greater than I, Basil concedes that the Father is greater than the Son in the way a cause is greater than its effect, This kind of superiority, however, does not imply that the Father is greater at the level of substance. 24, Christ is the power of God. 194 Basil envisions the Son as standing in a relation of causal dependence upon the Father, but a relation that is outside of time and space and hence utterly incomprehensible to human minds.
Eun. 20. s. 59 (2008): 18 3-90 . 237. Eun. 24· 60 61 INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION According to Basil, the Heteroousians are like the "nations" about whom Paul spoke; they are those upon whom Isaiah pronounced woe. In another good example, Basil chides Eunomius for basing himself on Aristotle instead of scripture: finds connections between their views and Eunomius's. He specifically likens Eunomius to Mani, Marcion, and Montanus. 239 Such passages are merely polemical and designed to insinuate that Eunomius is nothing more than a disciple of such impious heretics.
Basil may owe to Origen his belief that proper exegesis can occur only within the context of an ascetic way of life, which ensures the necessary attention ~or readin~ and interpreting scripture. '07 Nonetheless, in Against Eunomius, Basil's citations for the most part correspond to the standard Greek text as established by modern textual criticism (Rahlfs and Nestle-Aland"). 'o, At times his citations vary m mmor ways from the standard texts, but only rarely do they diverge significantly. '09 .
Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church) by Saint Basil of Caesarea