By E. Arimondo, P.R. Berman and C.C. Lin (Eds.)
This quantity keeps the culture of the Advances sequence. It comprises contributions from specialists within the box of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics. The articles include a few evaluation fabric, yet are meant to supply a accomplished photo of contemporary vital advancements in AMO physics. either theoretical and experimental articles are integrated within the quantity. . foreign specialists . accomplished articles . New advancements
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1998) L ¼ Á À 2 1 D 1 À 22 ; 2 2 4 ðG=2Þ þ D ð11Þ where 1 and 2 are the Rabi frequencies associated with the two spectral components. The fact that the light shift can in principle be eliminated is Advances in CPT for Atomic Clocks 39 of high interest to the application of CPT to atomic clocks, as this major source of long-term instability can potentially be eliminated. However, as we will see below, the complications associated with the multiplicity of levels, Doppler broadening, and other effects present in real atomic systems limit the extent to which the cancellation of the light shift can be accomplished in practice.
Jau et al. (2004a), Taichenachev et al. (2004b), and Karga poltsev et al. (2004) have proposed splitting the light fields into two parts with orthogonal polarization and recombining the fields after introdu cing a relative path delay between the þ and — components. The relative path difference of half a microwave wavelength (ground-state hyperfine splitting) shifts the phase of the dark state such that the reso nances constructively interfere. This path length difference can be intro duced by use of polarization filtering in a copropagating geometry or by reflecting the light back through the cell.
A) Atoms are optically pumped into the “end” state with maximal angular momentum, resulting in high transmission of the pumping light through the cell. A microwave field w mw and RF field w RF are applied simultaneously and the pump light transmission monitored as a function of (b) w mw and (c) w RF, providing a simultaneous measurement of w L and Dhfs –3 w L (for 87Rb) line width should be equally present in CPT resonances.
Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics by E. Arimondo, P.R. Berman and C.C. Lin (Eds.)