Download PDF by S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld: Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges

By S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld

ISBN-10: 0230307639

ISBN-13: 9780230307636

ISBN-10: 1349331007

ISBN-13: 9781349331000

This booklet analyzes in what manner activation guidelines impression on given styles of social citizenship that predominate in nationwide contexts. It argues that the liberal paradigm of activation brought into labour marketplace regulations in all Western eu states demanding situations the categorical styles of social citizenship in every one state.

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Additional info for Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges to Social Citizenship

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The chapter concludes (Section 5) with suggestions on how to empirically analyse mechanisms that either strengthen or undermine citizens’ autonomy. 2. 1. Poverty and the argument of justice In the historical perspective the first issue of social policy making was poverty relief (Kuhnle and Sander 2010). The main instruments were monetary benefits, organized as poor relief or – quite late in the ‘golden age’ of the welfare state – as social assistance schemes. Of course, income poverty in Western welfare states does not necessarily entail social exclusion, as the latter also depends on a lack of previous ‘investments’ in education or social networks (Leibfried and Leisering, 2001).

190). While commitment and participation play a role at different levels of society, with regard to our topic of activation policies, it is mainly the transparency of rules and the interaction with the frontline staff on the street level that are at stake. The need to turn to alternative forms of activation policies and that people’s needs (or autonomy) should become the approach for social policy design has been pointed out by earlier writings (Van Berkel and Roche, 2002). So, mechanisms inviting citizens to participate (either in the formulation of policies or in the process of implementation) can have both effects, encouraging them Silke Bothfeld and Sigrid Betzelt 31 and thereby enhancing their commitment to the public authority, or constraining them by setting narrow conditions and limiting choice.

9 The ‘bundle of rights and duties’ (Offe, 2003) that define the citizen’s status, consists of cultural, normative, administrative and statistical assessments and rules. The cultural dimension is historically generated and the most implicit of these four dimensions: In everyday life, ideas exist of what rights and duties people may have; these ideas are embedded in social practices on all levels of social life and lead to an identification by co-citizens or by the individual herself of the individual’s role in society.

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Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges to Social Citizenship by S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld


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