By Marilyn D. Rhinehart
The coal mine represented even more than a fashion of creating a residing to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a life-style. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings existence, and miners ruled its social existence. the big immigrant inhabitants that stuffed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen countries, which lent a forte to this Texas city. In 1888 Robert D. Hunter and the Texas & Pacific Coal corporation based Thurber at the web site of Johnson Mines, a small coal-mining village at the western fringe of North primary Texas the place Palo Pinto, Erath, and Eastland counties converged. for nearly 40 years the corporate mined coal and owned and operated a city that through 1910 served as domestic to greater than 3 thousand citizens. Marilyn Rhinehart examines the tradition of the miners' paintings, the demographics and social lifetime of the neighborhood, and the advantages and constraints of lifestyles in a firm city.
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Additional resources for A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies)
Rhinehart. 1st ed. cm. 9) Includes bibliographical references and index. Coal miners Texas Thurber History. Series. Dubberly and the late Rebekah Lane Dubberly, who taught me that honest work is honorable work. Page vii Contents List of Illustrations page ix List of Tables xi Acknowledgments xiii Introduction xv I. Laying the Foundation 3 II. The Subterranean Community 18 III. A Way of Life: Benevolent Despotism versus Worker Control 40 IV. The Struggle for the Individual and the Union, 18881903 71 V.
Laying the Foundation 3 II. The Subterranean Community 18 III. A Way of Life: Benevolent Despotism versus Worker Control 40 IV. The Struggle for the Individual and the Union, 18881903 71 V. Boom to Bust in Unionized Thurber 92 Conclusion 113 Notes 120 Bibliography 145 Index 160 Page ix Illustrations Gomer Gower, circa 190811 page 9 Miner in room at mine #8, 1906 36 Thurber miners 36 In the pit 37 Hoisting engineer 37 Mine #1 38 Unloading at the tipple 38 Group of miners at mine #9 39 "Black Diamond" train at mine #12 39 Looking into town 67 Italian family with boarders, 1907 67 General store 68 Horseshoe bar in Snake Saloon 68 UMWA Band 69 Thurber baseball team 69 Fourth of July celebration, early 1900s 70 Coal mine #11 70 Page xi Tables 1.
E. G. Senter In 1888, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) first reported the potential for commercial production of bituminous coal in the carboniferous coal beds running through the isolated and desolate western fringe of North Central Texas. " In the fall of that survey year, the Texas & Pacific Coal Company had purchased the financially insolvent Johnson Coal Mining Company to tap the market created by the burgeoning railroad industry. Ten years later Texas Farm and Ranch enthusiastically concluded that "the establishment and successful operation of the coal mines and collateral industries .
A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies) by Marilyn D. Rhinehart