By Paul F State
Regardless of the country's small dimension, the Netherlands has performed a comparatively huge half within the historical past of trade, govt, artwork, and faith, and it has left an indelible imprint on the entire world's continents. this article presents a basic evaluation of the historical past of the rustic from precedent days onwards.
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To lessen the influence of the guilds and factions, Philip purged Hooks from town councils, banned the use of the labels “Hooks” and “Cods,” and sharply reduced the number of council members, cutting them from 80 to 40 in Haarlem, for example. Burgomasters, the chief municipal officeholders, had been chosen by broadly based colleges of electors composed of representatives of the guilds and town councils; under Philip, they came to be appointed by the councils exclusively. Thus he sought to strengthen the power of the wealthier citizens, who were the primary force for stability.
Considered socii (allies), they paid no taxes but were compelled to contribute troops to the Roman legions. Roman historian Tacitus called them the bravest of the Germans, and the Batavian cavalry became famous throughout the empire. E. First in the line of march were the Frisians. , they allied themselves to Rome; over the succeeding years, Frisia became a conduit through which Roman armies trudged back and forth to and from Germany in a cycle of invasions and withdrawals, the Romans always falling back to the series of riverside forts they built that defined the Rhine defenses.
The poor were excluded because members had to buy their own outfits and contribute funds to help defray the militias’ costs, which included food and drink. Members of the militias patrolled town streets, walls, and gates, and the groups also served as fraternal social organizations. Well-armed and highly disciplined, these civic guards supplied the military muscle to match municipal economic power, and so their support was sought by rulers and would-be rulers at regional and, later, national levels.
A Brief History of the Netherlands (Brief History) by Paul F State